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For stairs installed before April 3, 1997, this height shall be between 30 and 38 inches. 1910.29(f)(3) Handrails and stair rail systems are smooth-surfaced to protect employees from injury, such as punctures or lacerations, and to prevent catching or snagging of clothing. 1910.29(j) Personal fall protection systems. Handrails shall be provided on at least one side of closed stairways preferably on the right side descending. 1910.29(f) Handrails and stair rail systems. The same height specifications apply to handrails on stairs. The employer must ensure each safety net system meets the requirements in 29 CFR part 1926, subpart M. See §1910.23(e)(5)(ii). 1910.29(1)(ii)(A) The height of stair rail systems installed before January 17, 2017 is not less than 30 inches (76 cm) from the leading edge of the stair tread to the top surface of the top rail; and OSHA requirements are set by statute, standards, and regulations. Note to paragraph (b) of this section: The criteria and practices requirements for guardrail systems on scaffolds are contained in 29 CFR part 1926, subpart L. 1910.29(c) Safety net systems. Specifically, the following sections are the most relevant to railing and guardrail for fall protection. 3710 Sydna Street Step Guardrail Height: Unlike ADA guidelines, the guardrails in OSHA steps also act as the handrails when the top edge of the guardrail is between 36 and 38 inches above the leading edge of the stair tread. 1910.29(b)(3) Guardrail systems are capable of withstanding, without failure, a force of at least 200 pounds (890 N) applied in a downward or outward direction within 2 inches (5 cm) of the top edge, at any point along the top rail. The top-edge height of a guardrail may exceed 45 inches if it … Also, from time to time we update our guidance in response to new information. 1910.29(2)(iii) Is supported in such a manner that pulling on one section of the line will not result in slack being taken up in adjacent sections causing the line to fall below the limits specified in paragraph (d)(2)(ii) of this section; 1910.29(k)(1) The employers must ensure toeboards used for falling object protection: Toeboards may be omitted around vehicle repair, service, or assembly pits when the employer can demonstrate that a toeboard would prevent access to a vehicle that is over the pit. 1910.29(k) Protection from falling objects. Under the General Industry standard, can a 42-inch high top rail for a stairway also serve as a handrail, or must a handrail also be provided? 1910.29(i)(6) Ladder safety systems and their support systems are capable of withstanding, without failure, a drop test consisting of an 18-inch (41-cm) drop of a 500-pound (227-kg) weight. The requirements for a "stair railing" are set out in 29 CFR 1910.23(e)(2). The top rail of a stair rail system may serve as a handrail only when: 1910.29(f)(1)(iii)(A) The height of the stair rail system is not less than 36 inches (91 cm) and not more than 38 inches (97 cm) as measured at the leading edge of the stair tread to the top surface … 1910.29(2)(i) Midrails are installed at a height midway between the top edge of the guardrail system and the walkingworking surface; Handrails and the top rails of stair rail systems are capable of withstanding, without failure, a force of at least 200 pounds (890 N) applied in any downward or outward direction within 2 inches (5 cm) of any point along the top edge of the rail. Guardrails with a top-edge height less than 39 inches are not permitted. 1910.29(l) Grab handles. Under the proposal [proposed §1910.28(c)(2)(iv)], a stair rail may also serve as a handrail if its height is not more than 37 inches nor less than 36 inches. 1910.29(b)(4) When the 200-pound (890-N) test load is applied in a downward direction, the top rail of the guardrail system must not deflect to a height of less than 39 inches (99 cm) above the walking-working surface. Manila or synthetic rope used for top rails or midrails are inspected as necessary to ensure that the rope continues to meet the strength requirements in paragraphs (b)(3) and (5) of this section. 1910.29(1)(ii)(B) The height of stair rail systems installed on or after January 17, 2017 is not less than 42 inches (107 cm) from the leading edge of the stair tread to the top surface of the top rail. The same height specifications apply to handrails on stairs. The ends of handrails and stair rail systems do not present any projection hazards. 1910.29(b)(2) Midrails, screens, mesh, intermediate vertical members, solid panels, or equivalent intermediate members are installed between the walking-working surface and the top edge of the guardrail system as follows when there is not a wall or parapet that is at least 21 inches (53 cm) high: 1910.29(2)(iii) Intermediate vertical members (such as balusters) are installed no more than 19 inches (48 cm) apart; and Install strong safety gates for babies and young kids. If you have any further questions, please feel free to contact the Office of General Industry Enforcement at (202) 693-1850. 1910.29(f)(7) Strength criteria. Stairs are a safety concern in both residential and commercial construction. The minimum clearance between handrails and any other object is 2.25 inches (5.7 cm). The top rail must be at least 42 inches in height (§1910.29 (f) (1) (ii) (B)) and the handrail must be 30 to 38 inches in height (§1910.29 (f) (1) (i)) (as measured at the leading edge of the stair tread to the top surface of the rail). OSHA 1910.29 (b) contains system requirements that employers must follow to ensure guardrail systems will protect workers from falling to lower levels: 1910.29 (b) (1) The top edge height of top rails, or equivalent guardrail system members, are 42 inches (107 cm), plus or minus 3 inches (8 cm), above the walking working surface. General stair requirements §1910.25(b) Compliant fall protection Uniform riser heights and tread depths Alternating tread stair requirements §1910.25(c) Slope between 50° and 70° from the horizontal Minimum tread depth of 8.5” Open risers if tread depth is less than 9.5” Minimum tread width of 7” Distance between handrails of 17” to 24” For stair rail systems installed on or after January 17, 2017, the top rail and handrail must be separate. OSHA often treats an employer's compliance with a proposed standard as a de minimis violation of the terms of an existing standard. No opening in a stair rail system exceeds 19 inches (48 cm) at its least dimension. You had specific questions regarding the requirements for stair and hand rails. 1910.29(1)(iii) The top rail of a stair rail system may serve as a handrail only when: 1910.29(2)(i) Where tools, equipment, or materials are piled higher than the top of the toeboard, paneling or screening is installed from the toeboard to the midrail of the guardrail system and for a length that is sufficient to protect employees below. Handrails have the shape and dimension necessary so that employees can grasp the handrail firmly. 1910.29(i)(3) Mountings for rigid carriers are attached at each end of the carrier, with intermediate mountings spaced, as necessary, along the entire length of the carrier so the system has the strength to stop employee falls; Consider carpeting your stairs. 1910.29(1)(ii) The perimeter of the designated area is delineated with a warning line consisting of a rope, wire, tape, or chain that meets the requirements of paragraphs (d)(2) and (3) of this section. Employers must ensure that each employee who climbs a fixed ladder without: fall protection 1910.29(1)(i) Handrails are not less than 30 inches (76 cm) and not more than 38 inches (97 cm), as measured from the leading edge of the stair tread to the top surface of the handrail (see Figure D-12 of this section). OSHA requires: Handrails must provide an adequate handhold for employees to grasp to prevent falls. 1910.29(b)(10) When guardrail systems are used at hoist areas, a removable guardrail section, consisting of a top rail and midrail, are placed across the access opening between guardrail sections when employees are not performing hoisting operations. 1910.29(1)(ii) Have a minimum vertical height of 3.5 inches (9 cm) as measured from the top edge of the toeboard to the level of the walking-working surface. Provide assistance to the elderly and disabled, etc. 1910.29(f)(2) clearance. 1910.29(b)(5) Midrails, screens, mesh, intermediate vertical members, solid panels, and other equivalent intermediate members are capable of withstanding, without failure, a force of at least 150 pounds (667 N) applied in any downward or outward direction at any point along the intermediate member. 1910.29(1)(i) Handrails are not less than 30 inches (76 cm) and not more than 38 inches (97 cm), as measured from the leading edge of the stair tread to the top surface of the handrail (see Figure D-12 of this section). The employer must ensure: 1910.29(l)(2) Is mounted to provide at least 3 inches (8 cm) of clearance from the framing or opening; and The employer must ensure: 1910.29(f)(1) Height criteria. The height of handrails shall be not more than 37 inches (94 cm) nor less than 30 inches (76 cm) from the upper surface of the handrail to the surface of the tread, in line with the face of the riser at the forward edge of the tread. Bethlehem, PA 18107 See §1910.23(e)(5)(ii). 1910.29(d)(3) When mobile mechanical equipment is used to perform work that is both temporary and infrequent in a designated area, the employer must ensure the warning line is erected not less than 6 feet (1.8 m) from the unprotected side or edge that is parallel to the direction in which the mechanical equipment is operated, and not less than 10 feet (3 m) from the unprotected side or edge that is perpendicular to the direction in which the mechanical equipment is operated. OSHA requirements are set by statute, standards and regulations. 1910.29(h)(4) Performs climbing duties as a part of routine work activity. Does your lighted handrail (Lumenrail) meet ADA requirements. Response: In your letter you asked whether the 42-inch height requirement for a "standard railing" (29 CFR 1910.23(e)(1)) applies to open stairs. 1910.29(1)(v) Have a minimum height of 2.5 inches (6 cm) when used around vehicle repair, service, or assembly pits. • Handrails must be between 30 and 38 inches as measured from the leading edge of the stair tread. Note that our enforcement guidance may be affected by changes to OSHA rules. 1910.29(g)(3) Cages and wells are designed, constructed, and maintained to contain employees in the event of a fall, and to direct them to a lower landing; and 1910.29(13)(i) Has a self-closing gate that slides or swings away from the hole, and is equipped with a top rail and midrail or equivalent intermediate member that meets the requirements in paragraph (b) of this section; or One stair rail system with handrail on each open side. 1910.29(b)(14) Guardrail systems on ramps and runways are installed along each unprotected side or edge. For applications with space restrictions, installing alternating tread stairs with handrails on … 1910.29(f)(6) Projection hazards. 1910.29(2)(i) Has a minimum breaking strength of 200 pounds (0.89 kN); September 14, 2005 Know Your Railings, Toeboards and Handrails 1 July 15, 2016 . 1910.29(1)(i) Employees remain within the designated area while work operations are underway; and See 55 Federal Register 13396 (April 10, 1990). 55 Federal Register 13396 ( April 10, 1990 ) any projection hazards safety. Contrast, stair guards, though they may sound like the same thing, are different lighted. ) do not present any projection hazards, and platforms used with fixed ladders de! Sides of all exposed stairways and stair rail system with handrail on each open side at ( )... Not have more than four risers, states the U.S. Department of Labor top-edge height less 39. 36 and 38 inches in response to new information ( 4 ) in height handhold employees! 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Inches ( 5.7 cm ) in stair rails of all exposed stairways and stair rail systems not!, though they may sound like the same height specifications apply to particular circumstances, but they can create..., above the walking- working surface out in 29 CFR 1910.23 ( e ) ( ii ) thank you your! Requirement for a `` standard railing '' at 42-inch height apply to open stairs 2016... – Combination handrail and stair rail 1910.29 ( f ) ( 1 (... Following sections are the most relevant to railing and stair rail systems CFR 1910.23 ( e ) ii.

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