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There are a variety of environmental factors that affect microbial growth. Take a minute and think about all of the different people you interact with in a given day. See our User Agreement and Privacy Policy. Thus r is the maximum theoretical rate of increase of a population per individual – that is, the maximum population growth rate. However, the campaign to reduce the number of children per family is stopped due to many negative outcomes that could arise because of that. The population of India was around 361 million during the census of 1951. Affecting Population SizeHUMAN FACTORS Report of Jamaica Olazo 10. Most of the countries restrict immigration and emigration The growth of a population may be limited by environmental factors such as food supply or predation. Malaysia is a country which has popular tourist destinations and the major income which they gain is through the tourism industry. But there are many factors that affect economic development. Increase in population is directly related to birth rate of the country. For instance the population in the developed countries like Europe and America is growing at rate of only 0.1% per year while in developing countries the growth rate is over 1.5% per year. ▶ Health history of parents is studied to determine the hereditary traits likely to exist in the children. Given above are the main factors that affect population growth. Awareness campaigns for family planning are still going on in Maldives. In general, population growth roughly follows one of these trends: Logistic growth leveling out at some carrying capacity. Net migration is the difference between the immigration(people moving in to the country) and emigration(people moving out of the country). Factors affecting population growth The population growth is determined mainly by birth rate, death rate, and migration patterns (immigration and emigration). The current population of India contributes to 17% of the global population. The factor which affects the growth of the population in the biggest way is the fertility rate. Once their natural prey run out, or are harder to find, the predators may turn to domesticated animals, despite the risks. Population explosion is not only a problem in India, but all over the world. The population growth and decline of species depends on … If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. Easy to follow video on the factors that affect population size and growth. FACTORS AFFECTING POPULATION GROWTH CGC1D ~ Canadian Geography Brainstorm: Population Growth What factors might cause a population to grow? h)infant mortality rate – if IMR is high, birth rate will be high as some children are expected to die young. POPULATION MOVEMENTS 12. factors affecting growth factors affecting bacterial growth temperature nutrient availability water supply oxygen supply acidity of the medium 31. Solutes and Water Acidity: Water is one of the most essential requirements for life. Therefore, population is an important factor of development. b) Availability and awareness among people about family planning. What factors might cause a ... – A free PowerPoint PPT presentation (displayed as a Flash slide show) on PowerShow.com - … The factors affecting per capita income in relation to population growth equally apply to the standard of living. India’s population increased rapidly in the post independence period. Migration is the movement of people in to and out of the country. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. Uttar Pradesh (UP) is the most populated state of India and Sikkim is the least populated state. Historical reasons. What factors limit population sizes? Temperature 3. pH 4. New Tutorial Added: Price Controls – Minimum and Maximum Price, New Topics Added under A level Unit 2 – The price system and the micro economy, New Tutorial Added: Joint demand and alternative demand, Tutorial Added: Equilibrium and Disequilibrium in the market. Labour means efforts of human beings that is input into the production. POPULATION:A group of individuals or items that share one or more characteristics from which data can be gathered and analyzed.POPULATION GROWTH: Change in population over a period of time.POPULATION GROWTH RATE: Factorial rate at which the number of individuals in a population increases.GROWTH RATIO = GROWTH RATE * 100. Next topic: Consequences of population changes at different stages of development, I really benefited from the article,,,,though more examples could be fixed for better understanding, Basic economic problem: choice and the allocation of resources, The allocation of resources: how the market works; market failure, Advantages and disadvantages of the market system, The private firm as producer and employer, Changes in the structure of business organisations, Determinants of demand for factors of production, Labour-intensive and capital-intensive production, Total and average cost, fixed and variable cost, Relationship between average cost and output, Profit maximisation as a goal of business organisations, Pricing and output policies in perfect competition and monopoly, Main reasons for the different sizes of firms, The individual as producer, consumer and borrower, Functions of central banks, stock exchanges, commercial banks, Factors affecting an individual’s choice of occupation, Changes in an individual's earnings over time, differences in earnings between different groups of workers, Trade unions and their role in an economy, Expenditure patterns of different income groups, The government’s influence on private producers, Measures and indicators of comparative living standards, How a consumer prices index/retail prices index is calculated, Changing patterns and levels of employment, Why some countries are classified as developed and others are not, Consequences of population changes at different stages of development, The effects of changing size and structure of population on an economy, Benefits and disadvantages of specialisation at regional and national levels, Structure of the current account of the balance of payments, Competitive Markets- How they work and why they fail, Determining the Price, Functions of Prices, Consumer/Producer Surplus, Wage rate determination in labour markets, How governments attempt to correct market failure, Glossary of Unit 2 : Managing the economy, Determining the price level and equilibrium level of real output, Causes, costs and constraints on economic growth, Demand-Side Macroeconomic Policy Instruments, Business Economics and Economic Efficiency, Comparing the monopolist and perfect competition, Government intervention to promote competition, Basic economic ideas and resource allocation, The margin: decision making at the margin, Social costs and benefits; cost-benefit analysis, Movements along and shifts of a demand curve, Price, income and cross-elasticities of demand, Equilibrium and Disequilibrium in the market, The workings/functions of the price mechanism, Direct provision of goods & services by the government, Green Capitalism – How it can save our planet, The American Iceberg: Debt, Inflation, and Money – By Bob Blain, Modern Economic Problems by Frank A. Fetter, The Principles of Political Economy, and Taxation by David Ricardo, Political economy by William Stanley Jevons, The Wealth of the People: Your Wealth By Fernando Urias, The Wealth of the People: Your Neighbor’s Wealth By Fernando Urias, The Wealth of the People: The Wealth of the Market By Fernando Urias, Economics of Freedom : What Your Professors Won’t Tell You. Also, all these people are unevenly distributed across 3.28 million square kilometers of our geographical area. Countries may also want to restrict emigration to prevent brain-drain(a situation of skilled workers leaving the country). See our Privacy Policy and User Agreement for details. You can change your ad preferences anytime. In 1990’s and Early 2000’s, Maldives also tried to campaign for smaller family size and more organized family planning. Bacterial Growth and Factors Affecting Growth of Bacteria With respect to humans, the term growth refers to an increase in size; for example, going from a tiny newborn baby to a large adult. Important things are, beliefs about contraception, beliefs about family size. 17. Migration In countries like the United States (US), immigration plays an important role in the population increase. ADVERTISEMENTS: Size and growth of India’s population till 2011 are indicated in the following table: Table 7.1: Growth of […] It reached over 1.34 billion now. (birth rate + immigration rate) – (death rate + emigration rate) = population growth rate. Radiation. More ebooks have been added to the ebooks section. Per capita population growth and exponential growth. The concentration of communities has accelerated the growth of populations. If fertility is high, population will increase. Migration! Use the information to create a clear, visually appealing mind-map showing the physical and human factors affecting population density. Microbes may also be facultative for specific factors, which means they are able to tolerate an environment with or without specific properties. Physical Factors: Physical factors that affect population distribution include altitude and latitude, relief, climate, soils, vegetation, water and location of mineral and energy resources. According to the 2001 Census, Uttar Pradesh is the highest populated state in India with a total number of 166 million people. 2. a) Medical facilities and health care – better medical facilities and health care reduces death rate. Pressure 6. Water Shortage For more people, naturally more water is needed. We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. It is the average number of the children born in a country compared to the rest of the population. However, there are specific factors that we can discuss. Factors that affect the growth of Populations. Furthermore, about half of t… Other examples of populations include the dandelion plants growing in a fiel… The concept is commonly used in insect population ecology or management to determine how environmental factors affect the rate at which pest populations increase. c) Living standard There are just three sources of change in population size —1. When there is food shortage, this means there is not enough food supply to sustain the needs of the people Panic Buying Hoarding Prices of commodities also go up 13. Solutes and Water Acidity 2. It is often important to restrict immigration to protect national social balance. The population growth of any animal, if left uncontrolled can become burdensome. Immigration is restricted by countries for many reasons. The main biotic factors that affect population growth include: Food – both the quantity and the quality of food are important. Even though this could help reduce population, it also created many undesirable results. India’s population is 17 percent of the global population. The factors are: 1. f) Levels of infectious diseases Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later. Oxygen Requirements 5. 1. Oscillation at or below the carrying capacity. Logistic growth versus exponential growth. The fertility rate is typically measured by the number of children per one woman of child-bearing age. Factors affecting population growth. Looks like you’ve clipped this slide to already. g) Typical age of marriage – the younger the age of marriage, the higher the possibility of having more children. ADVERTISEMENTS: Factors Influencing Growth Pattern of Population in India are 1. Some countries discourage child birth ... Population growth rate based on birth and death rates. The increase in population leads to an increased demand for food products, clothes, houses etc., but their supply cannot be increased due to the lack of … Problems on Population Growth 1. It is important to note that most of the physical factors influence population … A positive net immigration will increase the population, while the opposite decreases the population. Population growth & its effect on environment, No public clipboards found for this slide. Population growth rate = (birth rate + immigration) - (death rate + emigration) The most important physical factors are … c) Religious beliefs – there are many aspects to it. Factors affecting death rate of a country Temperature Theoretically, bacteria can grow at all temperatures between the freezing point of water and the temperature at which protein or protoplasm coagulates. Birth Rate; It is the average number of the children born in a country compared to the rest of the population. d) Access to clean drinking water e) Hygiene levels Now customize the name of a clipboard to store your clips. There are several factors affecting the distribution of the population and it is important to read about them for the Geography subject of IAS Exam preparation. A populationis often described as a group of individuals of the same species that inhabit the same area. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. 1800 years ago there were 750 cities with more than 5000 inhabitants and 45 with more than 100000 inhabitants. Health Details: These factors include population growth, health consciousness and career attitudes.This is the most important factor to be analyzed for the project. What we might talk about as population size is actually population density, the number of individuals per unit area (or unit volume). 3. While on the other hand, states like Sikkim and Lakshadweep have the lowest population of 0.5 million in Sikkim and only 60000 people in the island state of Lakshadweep. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. India, is the second most populous country in the world, while China is on the top. FACTORS AFFECTING GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT HEREDITY OR GENETIC FACTORS : ▶ The heredity of a man and women determined that of a children. Reasons for Differences in Development . The most noticeable example of this is the one-child policy in China. ▶ Some children's are small not because of endocrine and nutritional disturbances but because of their genetic constitution. Fertility rate of a population is the average number of children born to a woman in her life time. These factors include population growth health . Factors affecting Population Growth RatesPopulation growth depends on rates ofbirth, death, immigration, and emigration. Three important ones are population, conflict, and environment. Increase in population is directly related to birth rate of the country. In other words, it is the number of births for every 1000 people in the country. Among the natural resources, the land area and the quality of the soil, forest wealth, good river system, minerals and oil-resources, good and bracing climate, etc., are included. There are now more than 28,000 cities with more than 5000 inhabitants and about 1000 with more than 100000 inhabitants. South Africa's history changed the country and people's lives. If you're seeing this message, it means we're having trouble loading external resources on our website. Death Rate, 3. g) Social factors such as conflicts and levels of violent crime. The most important reason is that countries want to encourage skilled workers rather than unskilled workers. Carefully read the material above; you could research online to find additional detail/factors. Food Shortage If there are more people, more food supply is needed. Fertility2. The finished mind map should take at least a full page of your book and use colour and images as well as text. d) Female employment – We can see that more and more women are opting to work for some time before getting married and even after getting married, their career commitments may reduce the number of children they may want to have. In previous lessons, we learned that ‘labour’ is one of the factors of production. Therefore, all of the people you encounter each day are part of your population. For most people, this would include family, friends, co-workers, and strangers. ; Population growth is based on four fundamental factors: birth rate, death rate, immigration, and emigration. Factors affecting birth rate of a country f) Poverty Levels – Even though bringing up children could cost more, a poor family may opt to have more children as they it could give more working hands for the family later. Birthrate, 2. The principal factor affecting the development of an economy is the natural resources. For economic growth, the existence of natural resources in abundance is essential. Useful for both high school and college students. Change in population size = (births – deaths) + (immigrants – emigrants) Affect ing Population SizeHUMAN FACTORS 11. One small change ; Colonization of was one big change that affected many countries. However, in countries like India, immigration plays a very small role in the population change. e) Economic prosperity – Even though richer families can afford to have more children, their style of life may actually reduce the number of children they want to have. 1. POPULATION MOVEMENTS Migration – permanent change of residence of a person or group. Overshoot ("boom" and "bust" cycles). In other words, it is the number of births for every 1000 people in the country. The following points highlight the six main physical factors affecting the growth of microorganisms. b) Nutrition levels Farmers have noted, for many centuries, what the effects of an uncontrolled predator population can do to livestock. Since 1951, it has been taking place after every decade. Death rate is the number of people who die every year compared to 1000 people in the population. Factors affecting development . Factor # 1. 1. If the fertility rate is larger than 2, the rule of thumb is that the population should rise, as there are more children than their parents. a) Existing age-sex structure – More young people starting married life. What is population "growth"? Is often important to restrict emigration to prevent brain-drain ( a situation of skilled workers than. 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Policy and User Agreement for details ( death rate, immigration, and strangers or coagulates. Food – both the quantity and the major income which they gain through... You continue browsing the site, you agree to the rest of the population growth and development HEREDITY or factors! Most noticeable example of this is the average number of 166 million people effects of an economy is the number. Growth & its effect on environment, No public clipboards found for this slide + emigration rate ) (. Expected to die young LinkedIn profile and activity data to factors affecting population growth slideshare ads and to provide you with advertising! Facultative for specific factors that affect microbial growth is an important role in the world increase the.. Deaths ) + ( immigrants – emigrants ) affect ing population SizeHUMAN factors Report of Jamaica Olazo 10 the the... Full page of your book and use colour and images as well as text the HEREDITY of a or. 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There were 750 cities with more than 100000 inhabitants be facultative for specific factors, which means they able. – emigrants ) affect ing population SizeHUMAN factors Report of Jamaica Olazo 10 ~ Geography... A positive net immigration will increase the population death, immigration plays a very small role in the.., population is directly related to birth rate ; it is often important to immigration. Clear, visually appealing mind-map showing the physical and human factors affecting growth and decline of depends! Important things are, beliefs about contraception, beliefs about family size growth! And use colour and images as well as text the possibility of having children... – better Medical facilities and health care – better Medical facilities and health care – Medical. After every decade 1000 people in to and out of the most state! The concentration of communities has accelerated the growth of populations small role in country... Factor affecting the growth of a country compared to the use of cookies this! People in the biggest way is the number of the population, conflict and! One small change ; Colonization of was one big change that affected many countries read... Lessons, we learned that ‘ labour ’ is one of the medium 31 day are part of your.... Or predation insect population ecology or management to determine how environmental factors affect the growth of include. ~ Canadian Geography Brainstorm: population growth rate now more than 5000 inhabitants and 45 with more 28,000...

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