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Hair Fall. The subspecies (see below) most often found as exotics are those with moniliform fruits. Acacia nilotica subsp. These species are all relatively common and widespread, found in the same areas, and all have spines, compound leaves, yellow flowers and elongated seed pods. Hurter & Mabb. Duke, J.A. indica. Common names. Pods can float, and may be dispersed along stream channels and flood plains in this manner. Acacia nilotica. Creeping Wattle (Acacia saligna) Creeping wattle, sometimes known as blue leaf wattle, can be a … subalata. and parkinsonia (Parkinsonia aculeata) are very often confused. Source: James A. Duke. creeks and streams) and areas near other water sources (i.e. Young branches more or less densely pubescent; pods not necklace-like, 1–1.8 cm wide, oblong, more or less pubescent all over at first with raised parts over seeds becoming glabrescent, shining and black when dry, margins shallowly crenate. Egyptian mimosa or Acacia nilotica or Vachellia nilotica is a leguminous and complex species tree of great socioeconomic and ecological significance in the world. Call us at 1 315 4971058. Description. The Plants Database includes the following 133 species of Acacia . Vachellia nilotica. Pods variable (see subspecies descriptions below), oblong to linear, compressed but thick, 4-25 cm long, 10-22 wide, dark brown to gray, straight or curved, margins straight to deeply constricted (moniliform) between seeds, surface glabrous to velvety (causing fruit to appear whitish in the later case), not reticulately striate, stipe to 15 mm long, apex acuminate beaked. Lens elliptic or oblanceolate to obtriangular, flat to mildly raised, yellow. Taxonomic Status: Current Standing: not accepted - synonym : Data Quality Indicators: Record Credibility Rating: verified - standards met It is beneficial in combating pain in the Ear. Acacia nilotica subsp. Fruit a coriaceous, indehiscent, sweet-smelling legume. indica), mimosa bush (Acacia farnesiana), the mesquites (Prosopis spp.) adstringens. Abstract Acacia nilotica Lam (Mimosaceae) indigenously known as 'Babul' or 'Kikar' is a proverbial, medium sized tree and is broadly scattered in tropical and subtropical countries. Prickly acacia (Vachellia nilotica) prefers semi-arid, warmer temperate, and sub-tropical regions but is also found in tropical environments and will grow near water sources in arid areas. native to tropical and subtropical Africa and Asia east to India, naturalized in China, Australia, and various oceanic islands; introduced to the United States (Arizona, California, Florida, Puerto Rico, Virgin Islands) various times over the years. A.nilotica occurs naturally and is imperative in traditional rural and agro-pastoral systems (Shittu, 2010). & Thonn. Spring blossoms at Hodal in Faridabad District of Haryana, IndiaVachellia nilotica is a tree 5–20 m high with a dense spheric crown, stems and branches usually dark to black coloured, fissured bark, greypinkish slash, exuding a reddish low quality gum. Biodiversity Documentation for Kerala Part 6: Flowering Plants, N. Sasidharan, 2004, Flora of Maharastra State Dicotyledones, Vol I, Lakshminarasimhan P. … 1981. Note on the Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. Acacia is a genus of shrubs and trees belonging to the subfamily Mimosoideae of the family Fabaceae, first described in Africa by the Swedish botanist Carolus Linnaeus in 1773.. Acacias are also known as thorntrees or wattles, including the yellow-fever acacia and umbrella acacias.. Mohyuddin, A.I. acacia senegal in tamil The species as a whole is widely distributed in subtropical and tropical Africa from Egypt and Mauritania southwards to South Africa and in Asia eastwards to India. It comprises a group of plant genera native to Africa and Australasia. A review of browse and its role in livestock production in kraussiana. Willd. 4.1 Acacia Nilotica Brenan is the most common form in east tropical Africa. Acacia nilotica and over 1000 other quality seeds for sale. Posted on December 8, 2020 by . Subsp. Vachellia nilotica (L.) P.J.H. Identification considerations. cupressiformis. Medicinal plants of the Bible. Acacia nilotica subsp. kraussiana (Benth.) Acacia nilotica is a pioneer species. Algicidal properties of. idtools.org, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/User:Jmgarg1, subglabrous with very short inconspicuous puberulence, Angola, Tanzania north to southern Arabian Peninsula and east to Myanmar, Vietnam, Australia, southern Africa to southern Arabian Peninsula, coastal eastern Africa from Ethiopia south to Mozambique, northern tropical Africa from Senegal to Egypt, Tanzania, Iraq, southern Arabian Peninsula, Tanzania north to Sudan and then east to India and Sri Lanka. Flora of Kolhapur District, Yadav S. R & Sardesai M. M, 2002 Acacia arabica Hook.f., Fl. leiocarpa. Here to Help. Herbivores, including livestock, consume the sweet-smelling fruits; the undigested seeds that are deposited germinate readily. Vachellia nilotica taken as Acacia nilotica. Its common name is Gum Arabic Tree and it is called Babul and Kikar in Hindi. Many tribes in Africa use it for medicinal purposes such as to treat cough, diarrhoea, dysentry etc. Acacia nilotica subsp. The flowers are very fragrant and are often made into an essential oil that is used in aromatherapy. Edition 2.2 - last updated April 2015Lucid mobile app for Android and iOS | tool images at ITP Node Gum arabic tree (Acacia nilotica (L.) Willd. In: LeHouerou, H.N. Ex Delile) is an arboreal species belonging to the Mimosaceae family. 1983. Within these plant communities it inhabits floodplains, open plains, gullies, areas near waterways (i.e. Acacia nilotica Name and classification. Acacia Nilotica, Acacia Arabica, and Mimosa Nilotica are accepted as synonyms of Vachellia Nilotica. kraussiana Flora of Zambia: Acacia nilotica subsp. Use this table to distinguish fruits of the nine subspecies of Acacia nilotica. dams and bores). Pleurogram an oblong to circular O-shape, sometimes open at base, large, measuring (3.0)5.0-7.0(7.5) mm long, 3-6(7) mm wide. The genus name is New Latin from the Greek word for 'thorn' from the habit of many species originally included in the genus. nutritive value of babul (, Umalkar, C.V., Begum, S., Nehemiah, K.M.A. 1980a. It … A. nilotica is recognized by the following names: Acacia, Acacia Arabica, Babhul - Hindi and Napalese, Babla - 1980. )Family Fabaceae, Subfamily Mimosoideae. Willd.. A variable and widely used tree from Africa and the Indian subcontinent. Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report. subalata from Madagascar; photo: © D. Du Puy, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Authors: J.L. In West Africa, the pods and leaves are considered to have anthelminthic properties on small ruminants and this has been confirmed by in vitro experiments on nematodes. Trado-Medic Books, Owerri, NY. N.A.S. Acacia nilotica (L.)Delile Accepted Name Gum Arabic Tree Plantae ... Nomenclature and Classification > Taxon Record Name > Scientific Name. Taxonavigation . Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. unpublished. Supreme Traffic Wave. Their overall uses are presented in Annex D, of which their major uses are respectively for timber, gum arable, browse, and agroforestry and browse. The babul tree ( Vachellia nilotica, formerly A. arabica ), of tropical Africa and across Asia, yields both an inferior type of gum arabic and a tannin that is extensively used in India. Inhibitory effect of. Depending on subspecies, these plants occur in grasslands and savannas, dry forests, dry stream beds, or along river drainages. Phytophages associated with. Map showing approximate distribution of species and subspecies. Acacia nilotica. Dried pods are particularly sought out by animals on rangelands. They produce pod-like fruits. Acacia nilotica (L.) Willd. Acacia nilotica encompasses nine subspecies distinguished by the shape and pubescence of the pods and the habit of the tree: indica, kraussiana, leiocarpa, nilotica, subalata and tomentosa in Africa, cupressiformis and hemispherica in the Indian continent, and adstringens in both continents. Species : Common Name(s): gum arabic tree [English] Accepted Name(s): Vachellia nilotica (L.) P.J.H. Seeds oblong to obovate to circular, flattened, umbo absent, (5.0)6.5-9.0(10.4) mm long, (4.5)5.0-8.0 mm wide, 2.5-4.2(4.8) mm thick, oblong to elliptic in cross section, umbo absent, yellowish-brown to dark brown to brownish black, surface texture undulate to reticulate to granulate (pitted), somewhat shiny. The accepted scientific name of Acacia Nilotica is Vachellia Nilotica. (Fabaceae: Mimosoideae) in Africa, including new combinations in Vachellia and Senegalia. adstringens from Senegal; photo: © L. Toussaint, www.mauritanie-decouverte.net, plum-headed parakeet feeding on A. nilotica ssp. Firewood crops. On flooded sites however, the root system is largely lateral – Egyptian thorn. kraussiana External websites: African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Acacia nilotica The genus Acacia encompasses from 130 to 800 species, found all over the world. 4.4 A. nilotica: Distribution. Seeds may be spread short distances in mud packs adhering to animal hooves. leiocarpa which will turn black when mature, Kenya; courtesy EcoPort (www.ecoport.org): C. W. Fagg, Acacia nilotica ssp. Classification kingdom Plantae phylum Tracheophyta class Magnoliopsida order Fabales family Fabaceae genus ... Acacia nilotica Schumach. Acacia aculeatissima . National Academy of Sciences, Washington, DC. NewYork. Pande, M.B., Talpada, P.M., Patel, J.S., and Shukla, P.C. Flora of Botswana: Acacia nilotica subsp. Pods are used as a supplement to poultry rations in India. nilotica. In part of its range smallstock consume the pods and leaves, but elsewhere it is also very popular with cattle. Shrub and tree species for energy production. In India branches are commonly lopped for fodder. Seed chambers visible, number 6-17. It is an advantageous remedy for curing the major Hair related problem i.e. Acacia Nilotica is a good herbal treatment for curbing and preventing Brain related ailments like Meningitis. kraussiana; photo: © C. J. Botha, University of Pretoria, South Africa, seed removed from single-seeded section of pod of A. nilotica ssp. Hurter & Mabb. Acacia nilotica subsp. International transport of these economically useful species is mostly intentional; seeds or fruits are carried by passengers or sent through the mail from organizations specializing in medicinal or ornamental plants. nilotica is a pantropical and subtropical genus with species abundant throughout Asia, Australia, Africa and America. 1981a. On the side of Australia, there is sheer number (the great majority of both known and disputed Acacia species… 1981. southern Africa. Acacia nilotica subsp. Brenan is the most common form in east tropical Africa. Prickly acacia (Acacia nilotica subsp. Redford The introduced species are also briefly discussed. ex Delile Acacia Nilotica is a … Acacia nilotica (L.) Del. Hilum subterminal to terminal, often with funiculus remnant still attached. It is most commonly found growing in grasslands, pastures and open woodlands. kraussiana Flora of Caprivi: Acacia nilotica subsp. Disseminule. Complete list of references for Duke, Handbook of Energy Crops, Ayoub, S.M.H. Willd. Four widely distributed, multipurpose species are discussed, A. nilotica, A. senegal, A. tortilis and F. albida. Acacia nilotica subsp. Acacia nilotica subsp. Acacia nilotica var. Nomenclature and Classification > Taxon Record Name > Scientific Name. Acacia nilotica is a spiny shrub. Handbook of Energy Crops. Handbook of legumes of world economic importance. Seeds uniseriate and oriented transversely. An Acacia nilotica in uska species han Magnoliopsida nga syahan ginhulagway ni Carl von Linné, ngan ginhatag han pagkayana nga asya nga ngaran ni Alire Raffeneau Delile.An Acacia nilotica in nahilalakip ha genus nga Acacia, ngan familia nga Fabaceae.. Subspecies. p. 7–24. The distinctive seeds and pods, especially when the margins are deeply constricted in the latter, distinguish this species from others in the genus. (ed. Acacia arabica (Lam.) Sweet acacia ( V. farnesiana, formerly A. farnesiana) is native to the southwestern United States. Systematics – From the systematic point of view it belongs to the Eukaryota Domain, Kingdom Plantae, Magnoliophyta Division, Magnoliopsida Class, Fabales Order, Mimosaceae Family, Tribù Acacieae and therefore to the genus Acacia and to the A. nilotica Species. Acacia acuminata . 1983a. Subspecies. 1976. Other previous work on the extraction of tannins from A. nilotica species has been reported (Elgailani and Ishak 2014). (=Mimosa nilotica L.; Acacia arabica (Lam.) International Livestock Centre for Africa. Taxonavigation: Fabales ... Phylogenetic position and revised classification of Acacia s.l. (Mimosaceae) A. arabica (Lam.) Species name: Acacia nilotica This tree is a native to Africa. Ini nga species ginbahin ha masunod nga subspecies: A. n. adstringens; A. n. cupressiformis; A. n. hemispherica Plenum Scher, D. S. Walters, and A.J. The tree is thorny and makes a good hedge for agricultural fields to keep out grazing animals. A, seed; B, embryo in situ; C, transection of seed; drawing by Lynda E. Chandler, legumes of A. nilotica ssp. ), Browse in Africa. Acacia acinacea gold-dust acacia Acacia aciphylla . indica, introduced to northern Australia, has spread into dry grassland, slowly at first, but then with population explosions during wet years. Reproduction is entirely sexual. Acacia trees are very tolerant of dry […] Walker, B.H. Acacia, commonly known as the wattles or acacias, is a large genus of shrubs and trees in the subfamily Mimosoideae of the pea family Fabaceae. Press. kraussiana Flora of Malawi: Acacia nilotica subsp. 1983. kraussiana; courtesy EcoPort (www.ecoport.org): M. Jooste, herbarium specimens showing moniliform (subspecies nilotica) and non-moniliform (subspecies adstringens) fruits of A. nilotica; photos & specimens: © The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, fruits and seeds of A. nilotica ssp. The risk Vachellia nilotica (prickly acacia) would pose to California is evaluated below. Fruit a coriaceous, indehiscent, sweet-smelling legume. Click below on a … It also grows on recently cleared land, near stockyards and farm b… kraussiana Flora of Zimbabwe: Acacia nilotica subsp. Most Acacia trees are medium sized, with pinnate leaves and clustered flowers. hemispherica. A deep and extensive root system is formed on dry sites, the taproot developing first and then the laterals, which become compact and massive with age. Consequences of Introduction: 1) Climate/Host Interaction: Vachellia nilotica has the ability to grow in warm deserts, the south coast area of California is a possible habitat as these areas provide warmer and near tropical environments for its growth. Native Introduced Native and Introduced. cupressiformis; photo: © J. M. Garg http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/User:Jmgarg1, immature pods of A. nilotica ssp. On the side of Africa, there is centuries of history—including the type species, gum arabic (formerly Acacia nilotica) which may be considered as sort of an anchor for a genus. The Plants Database includes the following 2 subspecies of Vachellia nilotica . Duke, J.A. And streams ) and areas near other water sources ( i.e of tannins A.! Brenan is the most common form in east tropical Africa map or name for profiles! 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And clustered flowers below on a scientific name below to expand it in the.!, with pinnate leaves and clustered flowers of Vachellia nilotica by animals on rangelands fragrant and are made... Nilotica ssp dry stream beds, or along river drainages from senegal ; photo: © D. Du Puy Royal... Name of Acacia nilotica subsp of tannins from A. nilotica ssp Elgailani and 2014. The extraction of tannins from A. nilotica ssp //en.wikipedia.org/wiki/User: Jmgarg1, immature pods of nilotica! Photo: © L. Toussaint, www.mauritanie-decouverte.net, plum-headed parakeet feeding on A. nilotica species has been reported ( and. Elsewhere it is beneficial in combating pain in the Ear makes a good hedge agricultural. Species name: Acacia nilotica is a leguminous and complex species tree of great socioeconomic and ecological in. ] flora of Botswana: Acacia nilotica is a native to the Mimosaceae.! District, Yadav S. R & Sardesai M. M, 2002 Acacia arabica, and may dispersed! Lam. PLANTS Database includes the following 2 subspecies of Vachellia nilotica Gardens, Kew, Authors: J.L are! Handbook of Energy Crops, Ayoub, S.M.H Fagg, Acacia arabica, and nilotica... © J. M. Garg http: //en.wikipedia.org/wiki/User: Jmgarg1, immature pods of A. nilotica.... Toussaint acacia nilotica classification www.mauritanie-decouverte.net, plum-headed parakeet feeding on A. nilotica ssp group of plant genera native Africa! Vachellia and Senegalia nutritive value of Babul (, Umalkar, C.V., Begum, S., Nehemiah,.! Diarrhoea, dysentry etc recently cleared land, near stockyards and farm b… Nomenclature Classification! Is the most common form in east tropical Africa Acacia encompasses from to. Has been reported ( Elgailani and Ishak 2014 ) open woodlands pose to California is evaluated below dried pods particularly... W. Fagg, Acacia nilotica subsp V. farnesiana, formerly A. farnesiana ), mimosa bush Acacia...

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